This is the fourth volume of a quartet called The Raven Cycle. I read and wrote about the first three volumes a year ago, and nearly abandoned the series back then when I learn of the existence of further volumes beyond the four. The series has been on a devolving course since the first book, and it accelerates downwards even more in this final book of the quartet. The writing is not very good, the overall ideas of the story are poorly thought out, and many of the characters exist solely to advance the plot. Basically, the quartet is like a teen series on The CW network, where trite scenarios are played out against shifting contexts as plots move forward just for the sake of being plots. The hell with making any sense out of the whole, just move from one scene to the next with hand-waving or faux logic. Why this author sells at all seems to depend on a complete lack of standards amongst her readership.